BPD Episodes 101: Everything You Need to Know

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People with BPD are often labelled as dramatic, attention seeking or crazy. While it may look that way from the outside sometimes, what’s going on inside is A LOT more complex. What people with BPD need—especially during BPD episodes, is patience, validation, support and reassurance. If you’re new to BPD Beautiful, I’m Audrey Harper and I have borderline personality disorder (“BPD”). This is my emotional wellness and BPD blog where I document my BPD recovery. I’m publishing this post in hopes to help loved ones and caregivers understand BPD and to spread BPD awareness.

Trigger Warning: Suicide, perceived abandonment, hopelessness, negative self-talk, rejection, forever alone, self-sabotage. Read at your own discretion.

Disclaimer: I’m not a mental health professional. My experience with borderline personality disorder, triggers or symptoms do not necessarily reflect another person with BPD’s experience, triggers or symptoms. Post may include affiliate links or sponsorships at no extra cost to you.

What Causes BPD Episodes

In my case—BPD episodes are usually caused after my fear of abandonment or fear of rejection are either triggered by…

  • An outside stimulus: an innocent joke taken the wrong way or being left out of a conversation my BPD brain deems important (even if it’s really not when I think about it later, logically).
  • My own distorted thought processes: obsessing over a stressor before it even happens, reliving a traumatic or upsetting memory that causes me to “split” (the infamous BPD splitting).  

BPD episodes (for me at least) are usually started by the former and drawn out by the ladder. They can last anywhere from a couple minutes to several hours.

Common BPD Triggers

Common triggers for BPD episodes can be…

  • Delayed responses
  • Being ignored
  • Short or unmoved responses
  • Being told no
  • Having ideas or suggestions ignored
  • Being left out of a conversation or event
  • Loud noises
  • Being laughed at
  • Unmet needs
  • Disappointing others
  • Unmet expectations
  • Constructive criticism or negative feedback
  • Being proven wrong
  • Separation from Favorite Person
  • Not being kept in the loop
  • Being called out
  • Getting laid off or told to leave
  • Change of plans
  • Not understanding a joke between other people
  • Being replaced
  • Lack of quality time with closest loved ones
  • Traumatic memories
  • Being disagreed with
  • Being ganged up on

Does this mean you should walk on eggshells around someone with borderline personality disorder? No. It doesn’t. However, there are things you can do when saying no to someone with BPD that may help reduce intense emotional responses.

What People with BPD May Feel During BPD Episodes

On top of displaying intense rage, all or nothing thinking or anxious attachment – during BPD episodes, people with BPD may feel the following…

  • Like they’re unimportant, worthless or unlovable
  • Unseen / unheard
  • Overwhelming shame / guilt
  • Paranoia
  • Forgotten
  • Despair
  • Younger than they are
  • Like they don’t exist
  • Like a lost child
  • Numb

Not everyone is quick to show those feelings during BPD episodes. Often, people with BPD will push their loved ones away during these times or they will mask it with rage. Don’t be quick to shut them out while your loved one is having a BPD episode. What’s happening underneath the surface is more than meets the eye. At the end of the day, people with BPD often do experience emotional empathy and usually, they have an abundance of it. They are capable of giving and receiving love and do not want to hurt their loved ones. What they need is treatment. BPD is a treatable condition, as long as the person is willing to get help.

What It’s Like to Have a BPD Favorite Person

Admittedly, I don’t remember what caused the episode I documented below. I most likely took a comment Brian said the wrong way, given the context of my thoughts.

Brian is my fiancé and long time favorite person (FP). Which is BPD speak for the person you—a lot of the times unwillingly, obsess over, split with and get triggered by the most. 

A BPD favorite person is someone that can make or break your day with a simple facial expression.  Your whole existence depends on this one person. Of course placing someone on a pedestal like this (& eventually knocking them right off when you split in the opposite direction) can lead to toxic, clingy behavior and unsatisfying relationships for both the person with BPD and the one without.

Examples of Splitting in Borderline Personality Disorder

In the text below, you’ll see me begin to split (causing me to devalue him, our relationship and myself).

For those who don’t understand what BPD splitting is, it comes down to “all or nothing” or “black and white” thinking. In essence, people with BPD have trouble with balancing between two extremes or opposing beliefs. If you’re still not sure how splitting plays out in the mind of someone with BPD, I hope reading the BPD episode I recorded below will help you.

Some examples of splitting thoughts in BPD are…

  • “No one cares.”
  • “I’m a bad person.”
  • “I can’t change.”
  • “They’re my everything.”
  • “If only ____ had happened, things would be perfect.”
  • “Nothing ever works.”
  • “I’d rather die.”
  • “It’ll ruin everything.”
  • “It’ll fix everything.”
  • “It’s not worth even trying.”
  • “What’s the point?”
  • “I’m worthless.”
  • “They complete me.”
  • “I can’t live without them.”
  • “They’re the best thing that’s ever happened to me.”

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10 Things People with BPD May Do While Splitting

  • Say hurtful things
  • Ghost others
  • Emotionally detach
  • Cancel plans
  • Over-analyze
  • Isolate themselves
  • Explode at things others view as no big deal
  • Lash out unexpectedly
  • Block people on social media
  • Become irritable
  • Jump to conclusions

Before You Read My Deepest, Darkest Thoughts…

You’ll also see my more logical thoughts trying to talk myself down. Keep in mind—this is A LOT harder for those with BPD who are untreated or have more severe cases, especially if they lack a proper support system. I was in that boat once. Even with therapy, a DBT group and a loving supportive partner…talking myself down feels impossible sometimes. 

My perception of time during the BPD episode was most likely way off, because I was dissociating. Don’t take my minute recaps as literal. I do know the total episode (starting from before I started writing to the end of the text) lasted between 4 to 5 hours.

I wrote the below out by hand while it was happening. I typed it up two weeks after the fact. I edited the text a bit so it would be (a little) more coherent and added “after-thought” comments in parentheses. Then about 6 weeks later, I posted it.

An Intense, 5 Hour Long BPD Episode 

I feel almost possessed. My thoughts are happening so rapidly, I can barely keep up and write them down. I’m multitasking between them to try and distract myself from the overwhelming darkness I’m currently in and have been in for about 3 hours now. 

Just before I started writing this: I was crying because I remembered a fight between Brian and I from around 5 years ago. I remembered Brian’s cold, frustrated and resentful response to my desperate pleas for open communication. (We were in a much darker place back then—full of resentment, piss poor communication and untreated BPD) 

Since I already felt completely and utterly worthless when I had the vivid memory, I lost it for a couple minutes until I felt numb again and decided to write this all down. 

I think Brian needs to come with me to a session with Ellen. (my therapist) Because we’ve been fighting more over the last month. (this isn’t fully true, I was having a bad week and we tend to have more misunderstandings on my bad weeks).

Maybe a couple of sessions together would help us. But now a very familiar, gut wrenching sense of dread comes over me. I worry I’ll get triggered during one of these sessions together. I think maybe we shouldn’t do it. I imagine scenarios in my head. 

I can see us sitting on our bed talking with Ellen via video chat (thanks to covid). I see me getting triggered by something someone says and feeling ganged up on. I already feel the intense (bolded and underlined) embarrassment and deep rooted shame as if it’s happening now. I can feel the heat raising up my neck to my face, as these overwhelming emotions manifest into rage. 

I suddenly remember I’ll never escape this pain because I will always have borderline personality disorder. And yes, pain. Because the feelings are intense, to say the least. (REMINDER: BPD is treatable! at the time of posting this, almost two months after I wrote it and 10 months into treatment—my BPD episodes have greatly reduced in frequency and most of all, severity.)

I’m witnessing someone I love getting gruesomely hurt in a tragic accident. Like I just lost them, forever.

It’s hard to describe how strong the feelings are with words. When my fears of abandonment or rejection get triggered, I feel as if I’m witnessing someone I love getting gruesomely hurt in a tragic accident. Like I just lost them, forever. My whole body feels traumatized and my emotions are unshakable. My fight or flight response kicks in and I usually pick the former until it gets to be too much. Then, I flee faster than you can blink.

I just put down my pen and started crying again. My whole existence, forever having BPD, feels bleak and hopeless. Why should anyone suffer with this? I wish I could be numb again. I tell myself to keep writing, because it seems to help get me out of an emotional mind and into a more logical place. 

I think 3 months of coronavirus lockdown has exasperated my symptoms so gradually, that I’m only now realizing it. (eh, I don’t know about that. I’ve been making progress, if anything—even just writing this down when I couldn’t two months ago at Ellen’s request, is progress) 

Brian is currently the only person, besides my son, that I see in person on a daily basis—thanks to the lockdown. No wonder my love obsession has only gotten stronger. I need more human interaction. I’m a loner but I’m not used to being this secluded. Even just going to the gym alone, but being around people, would help.

I imagine Brian laughing at me and saying, “How would that help?” (has not ever happened—my mind loves to make up triggering situations) and that hollow, sense of dread feeling in my stomach returns. That all too familiar shame. I harp on that image in my mind for a moment then remind myself to write again since it was helping. 

BPD forces me to get stuck in my own cycle of self abuse.

For the record, I really do hate torturing and traumatizing myself with regular daydreams of people I love acting out my worst fears. But it’s like the BPD forces me to get stuck in my own cycle of self abuse. (completely accurate)

The same as every other time I’m in the midst of a BPD episode, I feel exhausted mentally but don’t let myself rest. Like I need to punish myself. (even though you had to wake up early the next day, Audrey! —self sabotaging, a hallmark BPD trait, at its finest)

My thoughts quickly switch and I again find myself worrying about my relationship. OK, so to recap: spending too much time with Brian has made me regress. I realize I have to go through a desensitization period again and try and separate myself. It also means I have to relearn to accept that he will sometimes go out without me again, as our state slowly reopens in phases to prevent a second wave of coronavirus. 

All of this scares me to death even if I’ve done this all before to get to a healthier place. (before my BPD diagnosis, I thought I just had adult separation anxiety/codependency)

I fear these things and things like this because:

  1. I’m deathly terrified of being abandoned and for some reason, things like this feel like abandonment. I’m not fully sure why (Ellen thinks, in my case, that my childhood trauma has to do with it). 
  2. I’m also terrified of missing out and of people I love having more fun without me. I guess because, in a way, these things feel like rejection. 

I don’t really understand BPD’s reasoning. But I am self aware enough to know that these fears and my, at times, odd behavior to prevent these fears from becoming reality, are sometimes incredibly irrational. (hey, it’s my wise mind!)

I feel pathetic. (annnnd, it’s gone) Like a small child lost in an amusement park. I don’t want to control Brian. I don’t want to be that wife. I hate that my fears sometimes scare me into trying to control everything and everyone. I absolutely hate it and I’m ashamed of it. I hate myself.

And just like that. I remember, vividly, when Brian had said, “It was bad in the beginning, the middle and the end.”

Once, I’d claimed things were, at one point, getting better between us but then we’d  started fighting again. That was his response. (this was about 4 to 5 years ago during an argument. we didn’t know I had BPD at the time and we hadn’t started actively working on our communication yet. I don’t know what the point of harping on this memory is, since it has no bearing on Brian’s feelings in the present day. that’s BPD for you). 

It’s like I’m back in our old bedroom, hearing him mutter the words right next to me.

Rehearing those words in my head again spirals me back into the emotions. It’s like I’m back in our old bedroom, hearing him mutter the words right next to me. And the empty stomach feeling of shame is back instantly. I think of how I’m ruining the relationship, yet again. (Brian doesn’t agree with this and neither do I) 

I remind myself I’ll only keep doing this with other relationships, even the nonromantic ones. I start crying again. Because I don’t want to be alone or live a life without Brian. But it feels like I have no choice. (oh, Audrey. Brian is proud of your hard work and dedication to recovery!)

I think of how hard it must be for Brian to deal with all of this. More guilt. More shame. He can’t even talk to me about it, because he knows I get triggered too easily. More guilt. More shame. I wouldn’t want to be with me. Am I projecting my feelings about myself onto him? (most definitely, yes) No, I believe they’re his feelings. Because anyone rational would see that I’m not worth the trouble. (sigh)

It’s been 2 hours. 2 hours of sitting here writing and crying, writing and crying. It feels like it’s been 30 minutes. Where has my night gone? It’s 2 in the morning. I don’t even remember everything I wrote. 

At this point, I’m completely numb and uncaring. My eyes are heavy and burning. My hand hurts…I’m done. 

Two Weeks Later

Not all of my BPD episodes are as extensive or as severe as this one was. Sometimes it disappears as quickly as it comes. Two weeks later—I don’t feel the way I felt above now. My emotions and thoughts can pass quickly, or they can linger and build up if it’s caused by a consistent trigger.

 I, personally, dissociate during more severe BPD episodes. The dissociation is the numbness I kept mentioning, where I feel as though I’m floating and my mind feels separated from my body. I lose time while dissociating. It’s a coping mechanism I’ve been doing since I was 11.

Not everyone with BPD dissociates but a lot of the people with BPD that I’ve spoken to or have come across online, do.

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The Self-Love Workbook

This 103 page digital workbook comes with three different PDFs – full color, a version with no color backgrounds, and a black and white version (to save on printing costs). You get access to all three and you can print whichever one works for you!


Each .pdf is capable of being filled in digitally. With Adobe on your desktop computer or on an app like XoDo for your phone, you can type your answers into the .pdf and save your progress without ever needing to print it.

How Bad Can BPD Episodes Get?

How Long Do BPD Episodes Last?

A BPD episode can last for a few minutes, an hour, a couple hours or even for several days. The length of a BPD episode will almost always depend on the gravity of the trigger as well as the person with BPD’s level of treatment and progress in recovery. People with BPD can also and often do struggle with depression, which can further exacerbate and prolong BPD episodes.

Back in my sickest days, I would (unknowingly) have a BPD episode for several days and then would often fall into a longer period of depression – with my longest depression lasting for a year straight, initially sparked by an abandonment by my then favorite person. There was a time I thought I was bipolar due to these periods of depression, however, I never had offsetting periods of mania.

Borderline Personality Disorder is Serious

If you know someone with BPD or suspect someone you know has BPD—please remember borderline personality disorder is real. It’s a serious condition and not something to be mocked, stigmatized or brushed off. If your girlfriend, boyfriend, spouse, family member or friend with BPD threatens suicide or openly idealizes it, take. them. seriously.
(See BPD / DBT Resources)

The person you know with BPD is struggling more than you can imagine. They may put on a tough, emotionless face or be completely hysterical. They may say outlandish or abusive things, or they may be abusive (which is never okay – BPD is no excuse) and have fits of rage. They may go to extreme measures to ensure themselves of your love and support or to prevent you from going out with friends.

Their behavior will appear completely irrational. But there’s more going on inside than meets the eye.

BPD makes you feel a life-or-death sense of urgency to prevent an abandonment (real or imagined). It screams in your ear and convinces you that people you cherish deeply will leave you, no matter what. It convinces you that people who love you, don’t love you and never did. BPD makes you feel deep rooted shame and absolute terror over everyday life situations. Situations that other people don’t bat an eye at. Which makes you feel misunderstood, discarded and left to rot.

But do you know what the worst part of BPD is? It’s when you’ve pushed your loved one past their limit, with your rage and embarrassing behavior—all due to these overwhelming fears your brain tricks you into believing. Because when that person’s limit is pushed to its fullest they really do leave. This is one thing I can confidently say is something I’ve seen happen to everyone I’ve met with BPD.

BPD makes you your own worst enemy. It’s a horrible mental hell. And it makes keeping friendships & relationships even harder than usual.

And that’s why it’s so important to seek treatment. Recovery is possible and the rate of recovery is higher than most realize.

10 Ways to Cope With BPD Splitting & BPD Episodes

Here are ten ways I’ve learned to manage my own BPD splitting thoughts.

  • Remember a recent time you felt the opposite way
  • Ask yourself: “What’s changed?”
  • Ask yourself: “Is a total shift in beliefs or feelings justified?”
  • Ask yourself: “Is there a more logical, middle ground view point I could have or think?”
  • If in a devaluing split: think of 2 to 5 good traits the person, thing or situation also has.
  • Use DBT what mindfulness skills, which are: observe, describe, participate.
  • If in an idealizing split and things feel perfect: remember that nothing is ever full perfect but that doesn’t mean it isn’t good.
  • Save screenshots of validating texts from loved ones. When splitting on one of them or yourself, re-read their texts.
  • Try to wait to act on thoughts & feelings until things settle down.
  • Distract yourself. Give yourself permission to think about it later.

Do’s & Don’ts of Supporting a Loved One During BPD Episodes

Here are some do’s & don’ts to support a loved one with borderline personality disorder while they’re having a BPD episode.


  • Listen with empathy.
  • Allow their emotions to be expressed verbally.
  • If they’re venting, remain silent while showing concern.
  • Ask them: “How long have you felt this way?”
  • Ask them: “What triggered these feelings?”
  • Be attentive & calm.
  • Be prepared for mixed signals.
  • Be responsive (if they’re receptive to your words) and validate their feelings.
  • Understand that BPD is not their fault (but it is their responsibility to fix!).
  • Set & maintain healthy boundaries.


  • Take offense to wild or false accusations.
  • Be defensive or argumentative.
  • Try to make intense feelings go away.
  • Deny or minimize their feelings, even when they’re distorted based.
  • Try to talk them out of their feelings. Just hear them out.
  • Reinforce harmful or destructive behavior.
  • Ignore threats of suicide or self-harm.
  • Neglect yourself or your own needs.
  • Believe they can ‘snap out of it.’

Important Note: if your person with BPD refuses to seek help and you are being abused, no amount of advice on this blog will help you stop being abused or help your loved one change. BPD is not an excuse to abuse others nor is it a reason you should stay in an abusive relationship. Sometimes the best thing to do is to leave. While BPD is treatable, it’s up to the person with BPD to decide to start recovery. It’s not on the loved one to help them change.

What To Do If You or Someone You Know Has BPD

If the person you care about with BPD is untreated, they need to seek professional treatment (DBT therapy is usually a good start) and you need to learn how to cope with the disorder. It won’t be a walk in the park, but if you two work together your relationship or friendship could come out much stronger.
(Free Family Connections Program for Loved Ones Affected by BPD)

To do your part—you need to commit to having an intense amount of patience and empathy, to be able to see through the debilitating symptoms of BPD. And you need to be able to assert and maintain your own boundaries to someone who may frequently push them. It’s not an easy job and not something you should be quick to commit to if you’re feeling unsure.

Yes, borderline personality disorder can wreck havoc on the person with BPD’s and their loved ones’ lives. But it’s treatable and there is hope.

If you have BPD, don’t give up on yourself. If you’re someone else’s favorite person or caregiver, I hope this helped shed some light on what your loved one goes through when they’re acting in a way you don’t understand. Chances are they don’t fully understand it either.

Stay strong.

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Measure how healthy or unhealthy your BPD relationship is with the Healthy vs. Unhealthy Relationship Checklist.

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Start a Discussion

Do you have borderline personality disorder? Did you relate to this post? Have you had BPD episodes similar to mine? Or, do you know someone with BPD / are someone’s favorite person (FP)? Please share your experiences in the comments. I’d love to connect with other people who have BPD or deal with it on a regular basis.

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Audrey Harper

Audrey Harper is the creator of BPD Beautiful. She’s a proud mom, follower of Jesus and a survivor of narcissistic abuse. Throughout her teens and 20’s–she was diagnosed with bulimia, depression, anxiety, CPTSD and BPD. After 10+ years of treatment and finally entering remission, she decided to create an online community that’s devoted to helping others. As a passionate advocate for mental health, Audrey wants to inspire people impacted by BPD and other mental illness to find hope and reach their full potential. Book a coaching call with Audrey.

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4 responses to “BPD Episodes 101: Everything You Need to Know”

  1. Sheri Avatar

    I have BPD, and what you described is almost exactly what I go through during an episode. Maybe with a lot more years and self hatred.

    I am currently in therapy, unfortunately I left it too late and did push my FP away.

    It really is torture living with this, yet we are the ones who torture ourselves,

  2. Wendy Avatar

    I suspect that my daughter is suffering with BPD. What is the best way to reach out and suggest she meet with a professional? My daughter is 20 for reference.

    1. Kristi Avatar

      Thank you for this. My husband had bpd and this shed more light than any research that I’ve done. He explains it this very way and other things I get to see just as you described.

  3. Rachel Avatar

    This post resignation with me… I believe I may have BPD… I don’t say this lightly… But I have been trying to figure out why I do what I do…I would love to find a way to chat with you… I will read more of your blogs. I am desperate for help… I am currently seperated… and it has been a roller coaster to say the least…thank you for your willingness to blog and share your story.